Kanha national park

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Kanha was originally created to protect the barasingha (swamp deer) and it is also an important refuge for the tiger, leopard, Indian wild dog, hyena, sloth bear and Gaur (Indian bison). The 1998 census counted 106 tigers and 332 Barasingha at Kanha. The state of Madhya Pradesh, where Kanha national park is located, is home to about a quarter of India's tigers. The most easily seen mammals at Kanha are the langur monkeys, spotted deer, sambar deer, wild boar and barasingha. Kanha is also home to over 300 species of birds as well as reptiles and fishes. Kanha is composed of grassy meadows (about 15% of the park) enclosed by dense sal forests, riverine forests and flat topped hills (about 50% of the park) with slopes and tops covered by dry deciduous woodlands where bamboos are more common.


national parks: Corbett national park [] Jaldhapara national park [] Ranthambore national park
Indian travels: Darjeeling [] Jaisalmer and Thar desert [] Lucknow [] Naini tal [] Khajuraho [] Hampi

Photos of Kanha national park, click to enlarge. All photos © Imtiaz Dharssi
spooked nilgai Kanha national park

Part of the Kanha area was declared, in 1879, as a reserved forest and later in 1935 named the Banjar valley sanctuary. In 1955 Kanha was raised to national park status and in 1973 designated a tiger reserve under Project Tiger. The area of land under protection at Kanha has been increased several times with the addition in 1970 of the Mukki valley and in 1974 of the Hallon valley. The entire 940 sq km area of Kanha national park is considered to be core zone, free of human disturbance. A buffer zone of about 1010 sq km surrounds Kanha and is considered to be a multiple use area.

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