India is a land of contrast and extremes; an assault on the senses. India is at once both wonderful and dreadful, beautiful and filthy, spiritual and materialistic, peaceful and disorderly. India defies explanation or understanding. Many travellers leave India vowing never to return and yet when back home they can't wait to see India again.
India is the largest democracy in the world and has a free press and an independent judiciary. India has the second largest human population and is the seventh largest country by geographical area. India has the fourth largest economy in the world (based on purchasing power parity).
|Population:||1.1 billion people (source; United Nations 2005).
18.5 times the population of the UK
or 3.7 times the population of the United States.
|Population growth rate:||1.4% (source; CIA fact-book, 2005 estimate).|
|Land Area:||2,970,000 sq km |
12.3 times the land area of the UK
or one third the land area of the United States.
|Life Expectancy:||65 years for Women and 62 years for Men (source; United Nations). |
In the UK and United States, life expectancy for a woman is about 80 years.
|Poverty:||29% of population below national poverty line (source; World Bank).|
|Gross national income
at purchasing power parity:
|$3,100 international dollars, 145th in the world (source;
World Bank 2004). |
For the UK GNI per Capita PPP is $31,460 and for the United States $39,710.
|Literacy rate:||60% - Male: 70% and Female: 48%.|
|Religons:||Secular state. Hinduism 81%, Islam 13%, Christianity 2%, Sikhism 2%, Buddhism and Jainism.|
|Internet Domain:||.in, .nic.in for government websites.|